Tyrewise - Recycling for end of life tyres

Glossary

Advance Disposal Fee (ADF) means a fee that is charged to the originators of tyres imported to New Zealand market, either as loose tyres or as tyres fitted to vehicles.

Auto Stewardship New Zealand (ASNZ) means the product stewardship organisation

Buffings means rubber removed from tyre casings to prepare them for retreading or removed during finishing of the tyres after the retreads are applied.

Collection Site A Collection Site is a location where ELTs are consolidated from either members of the public or from Generators. In areas where there is only one Collection Site the collection site must be able to accept tyres from the public. In the case of closed landfills only Commercial Operators/Contractors with a Waste Disposal License will be allowed access.

End of Life Tyre means a tyre that is no longer capable of performing the function for which it was originally made.

Environmentally sound use

a) Means the use of end of life tyres for:

i) Recycling into tyre crumb, shred, chips, granules, steel or other tyre components
ii) Use as a fuel (other than in direct incineration) or other means to generate energy;
iii) Production of tyre derived products including tyre derived fuel
iv) Civil engineering (including the civil engineering use of tyre derived products to improve the functioning of landfill sites)

b) But excludes:

v) Disposal through dumping, landfill, incineration or burning;
vi) Stockpiling as an end point;
vii) Export of whole baled tyres for operations listed under b (v) and (vi)

Evidence for the environmentally sound use of end of life tyres as defined in paragraphs a (ii)-(iv) may include a copy of a written contract between relevant parties, or other evidence. Where the export of whole baled tyres is for the purpose of energy recovery under a(i), evidence will be required that this would meet NZ equivalent environmental regulations.

Equivalent Passenger Unit (EPU) means a standardised measure for the quantity of tyres. One EPU contains as much rubber and other materials as a ‘typical/’ passenger tyre. One EPU is estimated at 9.5kg.

Fee means the fee that is charged to the originators of tyres imported to the New Zealand market, either as loose tyres or as tyres fitted to vehicles. Same as Advance Disposal fee.

Generator A Generator is a business that as a result of their operations generates tyres; these businesses can then register as a generator. A Generator is not required to take ELTs from the public other than as a result of providing service to their customers (i.e. if a garage). Any arrangements put in place around the volume required for a pickup or the frequency of pickups will be made between the Generator and Transporter.

Landfill means waste disposal sites used for the authorised deposit of solid waste on to or into land.

Legacy Tyre Stockpiled tyres that still have an owner / responsible person.
Manufacturer/End User A Manufacturer/End User is a business that receipts in a product derived from an ELT that has been produced by a Processor. The Manufacturer/End User then uses this product in the manufacture of further products or in an end use.

NZTA New Zealand Transport Authority

Orphan Tyre A tyre that has been abandoned and is deemed to no longer have an owner

OTR Off–the-Road tyres (e.g. for farm machinery, earthmovers)

Product Stewardship means a ‘cradle to cradle’ methodology that helps reduce the environmental impact of manufactured products, where producers or manufacturers, brand owners, importers, retailers, consumers and other parties accept responsibility for the environmental effects of their products – from the time they are produced until the end of their useful life and are recycled or disposed.

Product Stewardship Organisation (PSO) is usually a not for profit organisation or an industry association, and is the entity designated by a producer or producers to act on their behalf to administer a product stewardship programme. It can also be referred to as a producer responsibility organisation (PRO), industry funding organisation or delegated administrative organisation.

Processor A Processor is a business that receipts in ELTs (either whole or partially processed) from a Transporter. The processor then transforms the ELT into either a functional end use product or a product that is sold/supplied to a Manufacturer/End User.

Priority Products have legislation requiring that they have a product stewardship scheme. The schemes will be compulsory rather than voluntary. The Minister for the Environment has not declared any priority products at present.

Pull Model A model that pulls the tyre through the supply chain with incentives focused on creating demand which facilitates the “pull” effect.

Push/Pull Model A model that both “pushes” and “pulls” the tyre through the supply chain with incentives placed at all points within the chain to facilitate this.

Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA) is the main piece of legislation that sets out how we should manage our environment. It’s based on the idea of the sustainable management of our resources, and it encourages us (as communities and as individuals) to plan for the future of our environment. Councils have the biggest job under the RMA –

There are currently three types of councils in New Zealand:

  • There are 11 regional councils. Among other things, they manage the rivers, the air, the coast and soil – resources that are not generally owned by individuals.
  • We have 67 territorial authorities (Auckland Council as well as the city and district councils). They do heaps under the Local Government Act – catch stray dogs, mow rugby fields, drag away abandoned cars, and collect your rubbish. But the RMA also requires them to look at the ways local people use land and how those uses can affect the environment: noise; new subdivisions and land development; plans to clear native bush, change historic buildings, or anything else that might affect what the community has agreed is important.
  • We also have six unitary authorities, which do the jobs of both regional councils and territorial authorities.

Reference: An everyday guide: Getting in on the Act

Re-Use means to collect a tyre for the same or similar purpose as the original purpose without subjecting the tyre to a manufacturing process that would change its physical appearance.

Transporter A Transporter is a transporter of ELTs (either whole or part processed) that collects from both Collection Sites and Generators and delivers these ELTs to a Processor.

Tyre means a vulcanised rubber product designed to be fitted to a wheel for use on, or already fitted to, motorised vehicles and non motorised trailers towed behind motorised vehicles. For the purpose of this report a ‘tyre’ includes but is not limited to a tyre for motorcycles, passenger cars, box trailers, caravans, light commercial vehicles, trucks and truck trailers, buses mining and earth moving vehicles, cranes, excavators, graders, farm machinery, forklifts and aircraft.

Tyre Derived Aggregate (TDA) means crumb rubber applied in rubber asphalt for roading applications or as an alternative to sand or gravel in civil engineering applications.

Tyre Derived Fuel (TDF) is a fuel derived from end of life tyres and includes whole or shredded tyres used for this purpose.

Tyre Derived Product (TDP) means any product produced from rubber, steel, textile or other material recovered from end of life tyres.

Tyre Importer means a business or organisation that import loose tyres or import tyres that are fitted to vehicles.

Tyre Recycler means a business or organisation recovering rubber, steel, textile and/or other materials and processing if into a form whereby it can be used as an intermediate product in the manufacture of tyre derived products.

Tyrewise means the product stewardship scheme name.

WMA means the Waste Minimisation Act 2008.